essay on pollution


Introduction to Air Pollution Effects on the Environment

Air Pollution is the worst type of pollution on planet earth. Mainly because it doesn’t stay in one place and spreads all over, for instance, a coal powerplant used to generate electricity can pollute the environments of the whole city or even country. Likewise, air pollutants and toxins generated by industries and engines of one country can contaminate the entire world’s atmosphere.

In this article, we will be focusing on how air pollution affects the environment and the key factors or areas that get the most damage.

Moreover, we will also ponder the effects of air pollution on the environments of different types of life on the planet.

Main Effects of Air Pollution on the Environment

The significant damage that air pollution can cause is the air contamination on which most life on the planet depends. Likewise, there are thousands of areas you can consider while skimming the causes, effects, and solutions of air contamination.

You may also consider various diseases among humans, plants, and animals associated with air quality. Meanwhile, you can also look at the critical components of the said pollutants that are the real bad guys and are often ignored.

Finally, after getting enough information and data concerning air pollution, you may be able to persuade others to contribute towards a better environment by adapting environment-friendly alternatives – replacing air polluting ways.

There are several effects of air pollution on the environment. After a deep study and research, we have listed some major ones here.

Let’s have a look below at the major effects of air pollution on the environment.

1. Smog

Smog is caused when highly dense polluted air is mixed with fog. Mainly, it occurs during the start of the winter season when there is no rainfall. You can say that the dry winter season is its ideal time.

Mainly it gets its shape when the contaminants from fossil fuels react with sunlight. Some have called it the lower level/ground level of Ozone.

Another similar type of pollution is known as soot, the composition of particulate matter released from burning fossil fuels and other industrial means. Also, these particulates are so tiny that they spread around in the environment along with the wind direction.

Both smog and soot have almost similar sources responsible for their creation. The primary sources are fossil fuels, garbage, plastics, natural gas, gasoline, and other types of fuel burnings.

Smog can be responsible for numerous health problems, including but not limited to respiratory diseases, throat, and eye irritations. They can also cause heart diseases, and the most affected parties are children and senior citizens due to their weak immune systems.

2. Harmful Air Pollutants and Air Toxics

Air pollutants can cause various health issues, which can be fatal even in a small amount of inhaling.

Most international laws have regulated around 200 of them, including mercury, benzene, and lead. The most common sources of these pollutants are gasoline and coal combustion.

Benzene, mercury, and lead can cause numerous health problems, ranging from worst to minor. The significant effects are eye, skin, and lungs irritations and coughs.

Benzene found in gasoline can cause blood disorders and other irritation symptoms. Similarly, mercury can damage the central nervous system.

Moreover, if children inhale the lead, it can damage the kidneys and brain and affect minors’ cognitive functions.

3. Greenhouse Gases

You might have often heard the term greenhouse gases, but do you know how they affect the environment?

Greenhouse gases trap the heat produced by various human activities, from burning fuels to sun rays. They do not let it leave the atmosphere, and the heat keeps its presence.

Similarly, due to this factor, the temperatures rise, resulting in various harmful global phenomenons. Global warming, glacier melting, and land shrinking result from such occurrences.

The top two greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide and methane. Carbon dioxide is more abundant, but methane is more destructive.

4. The Major Dangerous Gases

The primary effects of air pollution worldwide revolve around three major toxic gases. In comparison to the whole air mass, their presence is minimal; however, they are like a poison to any living being when inhaled. They are:

  • Carbon mono oxide
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Sulfur Dioxide

Carbon mono oxide is a colorless and odorless gas formed when the carbon in the fuels is not entirely consumed or burnt. The primary sources of this gas are fuel burning, industries, wildfires, gas heaters, and much more similar cases.

The density of carbon mono oxide is high during the winter or colder seasons when people utilize numerous sources to keep themselves warm.

Similarly, the low temperatures do not allow the combustion process to be completed in the colder season. Pollutants such as carbon mono oxide are released into the environment.

Headaches, chest pains, heart diseases, and vision impairment are the primary health issues caused by carbon mono oxide.

Nitrogen dioxide is a highly reactive gas emitted due to the burning of gas, smoking cigarettes, vehicles, and industries.

Similarly, Nitrogen dioxide environmental effects are not minimal. It can cause ground-level ozone formation and contribute to the addition of particulate matter in the air.

Moreover, it can cause various respiratory diseases, heart problems, breathing irritations, and airway inflammation even n healthy people. Similarly, people with issues like asthma can face fatal effects due to nitrogen dioxide.

Sulpher dioxide is also a highly reactive gas with an irritative smell. Like other discussed gases, it is also formed due to the burning of fossil fuels. Powerplants and industrial facilities are the main pushers of sulfur dioxide in the environment.

Some of the natural causes, like volcanic eruptions and decomposition of organic mass, are also reasons for its production. Airway tightness, asthma attacks, and chest pains are the primary problems arising from their presence in the environment.

5. Air pollution and Coronavirus

Both the COVID 19 and air pollution are air bourne. You cannot touch them or physically stop them, but they are there, and they affect you. Sometimes that effect is minimal, and sometimes it can become fatal. Now to address the question in your mind, how do these two relate?

A recent study shows that the contaminants due to air pollution might worsen the effects of the Coronavirus.

However, COVID is still more fatal, but you must also remember that around seven million die each year from air pollution. Air pollution must not be taken lightly, and in this rapid era, it must be given equal attention to COVID.

Effects of Air Pollution on Humans

You have already read various effects of air pollution on human health. Similarly, humans are the sole generators of air contaminants and other agents increasing it.

Exposure to air pollution can cause numerous problems, diseases, and other issues concerning their health. Children and the elderly are most vulnerable to bad air quality thus require a more attentive approach.

The most common effects of air pollution on humans are respiratory, heart, vision, skin, and throat irritation problems. In some areas of the world where lead, mercury, sulfur dioxide, carbon mono oxide, and nitrogen dioxide are in excess, these problems can become fatal.

Effects of Air Pollution on Plants

Plats are also among the living beings of the planet earth. They are like atmosphere refreshers. They continuously act as natural oxygen generators and consume carbon dioxide, which is the primary cause of global warming.

Similarly, planting more trees can lead to a greener and less polluted earth.

The primary effects of air pollution on plants are low growth, stomata damage, and food shortage. Furthermore, acid rain can harm plants by getting rid of various necessary nutrients.

Did you know that acid rain is also a product of air pollution?

Also Read: Water Pollution | Causes, Effects & Preventions

Effects of Air Pollution on the Animals

Air pollution is a matter of life and death for animals. The air quality is deteriorating so rapidly that air pollution on animals increases each day. More and more animals are losing their health and lives due to contaminated air.

The main problems faced by animals due to breathing polluted air are organ injury, low reproduction rate, and possible deaths. Also, these symptoms are only a few.

Also, did you know that the respiratory system of most animals is a lot weaker than humans?

Similarly, humans are given five senses to protect, express, and take care of themselves. On the other hand, animals cannot express themselves, and their only survival option is human attention.

Why is it that humans are becoming so careless about other alive beings on the planet?

It would be best never to forget that humans need animals to survive.


It is a dire need and a duty of national governments, local communities, individuals, and all of us to contribute to eliminating and reducing air pollution.

Plants and animals, the planet’s secondary living beings, are essential to human life. They are often overlooked and are constantly most affected.

It is a time to switch to other cleaner energy sources. Populations are increasing, and more industries are needed. Similarly, with more demand comes more products – ultimately more air pollution.

The effects of air pollution on the environment are increasing rapidly. Moreover, without requisite advances in pollution prevention, humans will suffer greatly and be wiped out altogether.

Next Read: Essay on Air Pollution in a defined way.

Check out the amazing essay on water pollution below. You’ll get to know what water pollution is? It’s causes, effects, and preventions.

We’ve mentioned each point sequentially whether it’s about its problems, causes, or solutions. Just be with the article and know completely about water pollution in an essay format.

Introduction to Water Pollution

essay on water pollution

Water pollution occurs when harmful and inorganic substances make their way into a water source – it can be a river, stream, aquifer, sea, or ocean. Usually, such chemicals, harmful substances, and inorganic mass don’t stop at one place; they keep on traveling and finally stop in the sea or the ocean.

It affects marine life, humans, and other water-dependent natural elements. Such causes of water pollution are stoppable to achieve better environmental stability between humans and a different life on the planet.

You must not stop at this paragraph and keep reading to get the essential points for your speech, lesson, essay, or another purpose.

What is Water Pollution?

Humanity and all other living beings on Earth depend on water to survive. When water quality is degraded due to harmful chemicals and substances – such phenomenon is known as water pollution. It poses a significant threat to human health and the environment.

Any extra chemicals, toxic agents, waste, and inorganic materials pollute the water regardless of their effect on human health or the environment. Mainly water pollution is divided into two categories.

  • Surface Water Pollution
  • Groundwater Pollution

We won’t have a society if we destroy the environment. – Margaret Mead

Causes of Water Pollution

The essay on water pollution goes too surprising after knowing its causes and points that help it to rise more and more. Keep reading the upcoming paragraphs to get a glimpse of the leading causes of water pollution. We have explained in separate points to enhance your reading experience and knowledge.

1. Industrial Waste

After the second industrial revolution of the eighteenth century, industrial waste came as extra baggage. Similarly, the major contributors to land pollution around the globe are the industries.

They pollute the water through toxic wastes, chemicals, and other dumped raw materials. Although most industrial wastes have a proper disposal system worldwide, some still don’t have a suitable waste management system.

2. Household Wastes

How much waste can a single house produce in a month? Well, it is nothing compared to huge industries and corporations. But when you calculate billions of homes around the globe, then the numbers go up exponentially.

In the developed countries, excellent waste disposal systems are in place, but in the underdeveloped countries (which are most of them), there is either a poor disposal system or none.

Plastic products and shopping bags are also permitted in most countries. Ultimately, this household wastage makes its way into the nearest water source.

3. Lack of Proper Waste Disposals

Most countries of the world don’t have a proper waste disposal system. This poor management of waste affects household wastage and the industrial sectors.

4. Oil Leaks and Spills

Oil spills and oil leaks are caused mainly by accidents to ships carrying oil and offshore drillings. These factors are the primary cause of water pollution, significantly affecting marine life. It is one of the worst causes of water pollution.

5. Global Warming

Global warming causes water temperatures to rise, thus killing marine life. When many water-dwellers die, it causes the water supply to become more polluted.

There is another issue of rising sea levels concerning global warming, but that is another discussion for another day.

6. Agriculture

Humanity’s survival greatly depends on agriculture. When farmers use pesticides and other chemicals to kill crop-damaging insects and bacteria, those chemicals stay on the field.

Similarly, when it rains, the same chemicals seep into the ground polluting the groundwater and affecting humans, animals, and plants.

Moreover, in case of rain and floods, the same chemicals are dissolved into the water, and they travel to more enormous water sources, causing a surge in water pollution.

7. Radioactive Waste

What do you think can outlive plastic? Well, the clear answer to the question is radioactive waste. Even if disposed of correctly, it can live for thousands of years.

Similarly, if a lack of responsibility occurs during its disposal, it can make its way to water and ulit8imately affect numerous lives.

What is the use of a house if you haven’t got a tolerable planet to put it on? ― Henry David Thoreau

Effects of Water Pollution

essay on water pollution image

The essay on water pollution is not only for informational purposes. We should be aware of its effects in order to be serious with the problems we can face if it didn’t stop right now.

There are numerous significant effects of water pollution that directly or indirectly damage health and life around the globe. You might have read about some of them and experienced a few of them. Let us dive into this disturbing matter.

1. Effects of Water Pollution on Human Beings

The apex-living beings of the planet earth are humans. If you observe human history closely, you will find out that whenever a disaster or pandemic came, it was because of humans’ irresponsibility.

Similar ‘who cares’ attitude has led the people to a point where even groundwater is filled with harmful chemicals. According to a WHO report in 2017, around 2.1 billion people had a poor water supply. In 2019, more than half a billion people lacked access to drinking water.

A study in 2016 showed that a person might ingest microplastics by drinking contaminated water or by consuming seafood.

Water pollution is one of the primary causes of multiple diseases. The most common conditions include Cholera and thyroid cancer.

2. Dying Marine Life

The responsibility of protecting other life falls on humanity’s shoulders because of its status of “the most intelligent species.”

Unfortunately, they failed this task and increased the deaths of marine life due to irresponsible behavior towards water pollution.  Animals and plants cannot survive without clean water and are the most affected parties among living beings.

3. Ecosystem Destruction

Another type of water pollution called nutrients pollution causes a surge in excess of algae. Algae deplete most of the oxygen from the water, thus resulting in the deaths of fishes and other creatures living in the water.

4. Economic Consequences

Restoring polluted water and its management is costly. For instance, Japan has more than millions of tons of contaminated water stored in tanks, and they are running out of space to keep it.

In 2011 a nuclear disaster known as Fukushima occurred in Japan known as the Fukushima disaster due to an earthquake. Experts say it could cost more than $666 billion to clean up.

5. Disturbed Food Supply

Toxins and chemicals in water can destroy healthy crops. Moreover, they can also decrease the quality and growth of the crops.

The food you eat comes primarily from plants and animals. Similarly, plants and animals depend on water, and if that water is contaminated, ultimately, you will be affected.

Solution of Water Pollution

Well, after knowing the causes and effects, one should know how to prevent this huge problem, which is not less than a pandemic. The real benefit of this essay on water pollution will only come to us when we will start practicing these mentioned points to avoid water pollution.

Environment is no one’s property to destroy; it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect. – Mohith Agadi

The most important discussion in this article is how to solve this increasingly alarming water pollution situation. What are some solutions that can lead to the elimination and decline of water pollution?

1. Pollution Reduction by Reusing Items

Whenever you buy something like a plastic item, it is better to use it again and again without replacing it. This will limit the consumption of such things, thus minimizing its chances of getting in a river, stream, or ocean.

2. Using Less Plastic

Plastic wastes are perhaps the most common type of waste that contributes to water pollution. It is difficult to break down, and it does not decay.

Thus, avoiding plastic usage and accepting decomposable things would be beneficial for our environment.

3. Handling Toxins Properly

With each passing day, chemicals like bleach, thinners, and detergents are becoming a huge problem. Even if you dump them down the toilet or drain, they become even more dangerous.

So, the solution here is to use them less and adequately dispose of them by following proper procedures.

4.  Don’t Use the Toilet as a Dustbin

Products other than toilet paper don’t break down when you throw them down the drain. They can become contributors toward more water pollution.

So, avoid throwing them in the toilet and use proper disposal methods.

5. Proper Garbage Disposal

In most parts of the world, there are no proper garbage disposal systems. Presently, a lot of garbage consists of plastic products that don’t decay with time.

It is better to avoid using the auto disposal system installed in the sink because the broken-down objects harm the water supply. Instead, try to use a garbage can.

6. Use Environment-Friendly Chemicals

Nowadays, companies are manufacturing environment-friendly chemicals. They may be a few bucks expensive, but you will contribute to better and cleaner water.

As a result, you’ll end up doing good for the environment and for your personal health too.

7. Oil Spill

Never throw oily fluids down the sink, drain, or toilet. The oil doesn’t dissolve in the water and leads to endangering marine life.

The governments and oil and gas corporations must make the oil trades safer to avoid accidents or spills on water.

8. Use Less Water

One of the best solutions to avoid water pollution is to use it less. When you use less water, you will be using fewer detergents, soup, and other chemical substances that pollute the water.

Similarly, you will also be saving groundwater which is a limited resource.

9. Volunteer to Keep Your Environment Clean

Since you are reading this article, it means you are concerned about your environment and want to see cleaner and better water without pollution. Why not do something about it?

You should volunteer and make the team from your social circle and friends. You can ask them to take some time out of their schedules and clean the water systems surrounding your area.

This will be a healthy activity for the environment, water dwellers, and you.

10. Adapting Green Agriculture

More than 70% of the surface water is used in agriculture. It can be raising livestock or cultivating crops. Unfortunately, the same agriculture, which is vital for the life on the planet, is the primary cause of water pollution.

Farmers use pesticides and other sprays to get more crops and kill bacteria and insects. The same chemicals are mixed in the water and seep into Earth, causing the groundwater to contaminate.

Furthermore, in the case of rainfall, the stormwater takes these harmful chemicals and throws them into rivers and oceans. They are ultimately killing billions of life forms.

The only solution to water pollution concerning this is to tackle this problem is to adopt green agriculture.

Conclusion: Essay on Water Pollution

Water pollution starts from the small irresponsibilities of humankind. You must understand now what causes water pollution and how it affects various sectors of life on the planet. After reading through this article, you must also have a general idea of the immediate solutions to prevent it.

The sudden increase in water pollution came after the second industrial revolution when mass production began. Today you can see Islands of plastic garbage in oceans.

Humans depend greatly on plants and animals to survive, and water pollution affects them both.  If this irresponsibility continues, there may come a time when it will be too late to do something about it.

Sooner or later, we will have to recognise that the Earth has rights, too, to live without pollution. What mankind must know is that human beings cannot live without Mother Earth, but the planet can live without humans. – Evo Morales

A single person or organization does not cause water pollution. It is a collective crime of the whole of humanity. Also, it is a collaborative offense of your society and their negligence towards the environment. Similarly, a joint effort to clean the water systems in your area is expected of you and your community.

Ultimately, the final solution to water pollution is to develop environmentally-friendly thinking. Also, spreading that positive mindset among your colleagues and friends might turn water bodies in your area into a haven for plants and animals.

Make Sure to Read: Essay on Air Pollution in English for Everyone

Top References & Citations Sources

  • https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/workplace-safety-hazardous-substances
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_waste
  • https://www.who.int/news/item/12-07-2017-2-1-billion-people-lack-safe-drinking-water-at-home-more-than-twice-as-many-lack-safe-sanitation
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/water-pollution-and-human-health#water-pollution-and-human-health
  • https://www.epa.gov/greenchemistry/basics-green-chemistry

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Introduction to Environmental Pollution

The occurrence of all living and non-living things that are not created artificially is often termed the Environment. It is related to planet Earth or its various parts. Similarly, when an environment is affected by pollutants and manufactured harmful materials, such an effect is called environmental pollution.

Numerous substances are constantly adding to the Environment by natural means or human activities. Such substances can be toxic or non-toxic. The most common causes of environmental pollution are the advancement of the industry, increasing number of vehicles, rising population, and burning of fossil fuels.

Furthermore, such harmful substances pollute the Environment by seeping into the soil, going up in the air, or flowing in water. Let’s have a look below at this amazing essay on environmental pollution.

What is Environmental Pollution?

In the most straightforward words, environmental pollution contaminates soil, water, and air elements. It poses a threat to humans, plants, and animal lives.

The pollution causes substances are called pollutants. They can be in gaseous, solid, or liquid form. Some of those pollutants are degradable and decay through natural processes in very little time.

Also, numerous substances are non-degradable and have stayed in the Environment for decades. The most common non-degradable materials are aluminum pieces, iron scrap, plastic materials, multiple chemicals, and nuclear waste.

Furthermore, environmental pollution is divided into three types of pollution depending upon their nature.

Causes of Environmental Pollution

The world is so vast, and so is humanity’s pace of progress. This progress came at a more significant cost called environmental pollution.

If we start examining all causes of environmental pollution, you will keep reading them for days. However, to keep this essay on Environmental pollution interesting, we will focus on major causes of environmental pollution.

1. Industries

In a superficial glimpse, you can easily assume that humanity is dependent on the industry. Before the second industrial revolution, when the population increased rapidly, the products were scarce, and a new production method was needed.

Since necessity is the mother of all inventions, mass production was introduced. After a few decades, people started to see the dark side of progress called environmental pollution, which continues today.

Industrial wastes in the form of emissions, chemicals, and material waste pollute the environment. It is important to note here that the industries mainly cause air pollution by their water can also become a factor in soil and water pollution.

Similarly, significant power generating industries like coal and nuclear power plants are primary benefactors towards falling air quality.

2. Transportation

The major contributor to worsening air quality is the massive size of transportation worldwide. The leakages and manufacturing processes of vehicles are also essential to note.

The Environment was in great shape when people used to travel on animals. The age of gasoline brought along numerous perks at the cost of declining environmental conditions. This cause of environmental pollution is also due to the burning of fossil fuels which pollute the Environment and threaten life on the planet.

Similarly, the demand for transportation is constantly increasing, and meeting this massive demand, the wheel of the industry has to spin faster.

In this case, more and more vehicles are manufactured and the power sources consumed are converted into valuable energy, smoke, and liquid pollutants.

3. Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the basic needs of humans. However, science introduced pesticides and fertilizers to meet increasing demands for more food. Yes, they got more products with less effort but at the cost of land and water pollution.

Similarly, when the fertilizers and pesticides are mixed into the soil, they seep into it and cause groundwater pollution. Furthermore, in the case of rainfall and floods, the same water travels to rivers, streams, and oceans, affecting marine life and humans alike.

4. Trade

Most of the trading activities in most countries involve packing materials made from plastic. Such packing material, if tread carelessly, can cause an enormous amount of land pollution.

It may seem like a minor factor, but when you calculate millions of trades per day, you can guess the number of pollutants reaching land and water. This cause of pollution is one of the worst factors towards environmental pollution.

Similarly, trading of oil internationally is done regularly. There are so many oil containers traveling the seas that the chances of an accident become higher.

Also, whenever such an incident occurs, it affects marine life, killing millions of water dwellers in a short interval of time. Such accidents are worst because the oil does not dissolve in the water and becomes a long-lasting poison.

5. Home and Residential Areas

The residential areas provide their share of contaminants to the Environment, one way or another.

Mainly, people use plastic products, chemicals, and other gaseous essentials that contain elements that are harmful to the environment.

Similarly, when there are millions of houses in a country and billions in the world, guess the total number of contaminated substances pushed out of the walls.

6. Construction

The construction field is one of the largest businesses in the world. It is because buildings are always in demand, and so is the raw material used. Poor disposal activities of construction wastes are causing a massive surge in land pollution. It is making the beautiful landscapes look bad and contaminating fertile lands and pastures.

Effects of Environmental Pollution

There are numerous effects of environmental pollution on living and non-living things. Among living things often discussed, humans and most neglected are animals and plants. But as it so happens, human lives depend on plants and animals. They are their food and oxygen source.

Here we are going to shed light on some of the significant effects of environmental pollution.

1. Human Health

The primary and visible effects of environmental pollution on humans are mainly physical but, in the long run, can turn into mental and emotional as well.

Asthma, allergies, respiratory diseases, eye irritations, and heart diseases are the most common effects. The most notable and heard results come forwards when air pollution rises in urban areas. For instance, smog, a combination of harmful gases, particulates, and fog in the air, can cause people to suffocate.

Millions of lives have been lost in human history due to smog since it causes people to choke, difficulty in breathing, cancer, and other major respiratory diseases.

2. Animal Lives

Environmental pollution is known to pollute the natural habitats of animals. It makes their Environment and food toxic to live and eat. Similar to humans, respiratory and skin diseases exist in animals due to environmental pollution.

It is important to note here that the toxic chemicals and water can cause the death of a few animals who survive on grass and water when mixed in the soil.

Also, acid rain can cause the water quality to changes in rivers and streams, thus killing fishes and animals who survive on that water.

3. Effects on Plants

Millions of plants and trees are destroyed by acid rain and contaminated water. It disturbs the natural balance of animals and plants, causing disruptions in ecological cycles.

And as per the records, till now, plants are among the top resources on earth that are maintaining life cycle. If it wouldn’t be available in abundant amounts, then we will surely be going to lose the living things on earth.

4. Effects of Environmental Pollution on Ecosystem

Environmental pollution is a system of contaminants and nature-killing elements created exclusively by humans. It has the worst effects on the ecosystem while destroying its various layers.

Environmental pollution is consistently making the ecosystem worse, majorly affecting the animals and trees.

Solutions of Environmental Pollution

The solutions to environmental pollution are numerous and, if appropriately adopted, can change the lives on planet earth. Also, adopting these solutions is not enough to bring worldwide change.

You must spread the word and make your friends and family circles aware of the threats posed by pollution. Similarly, when people start caring about the environment, these solutions will come in handy.

1. Energy Conservation

Humans depend on various energy sources. Due to the increase in the population, they have strived hard to create and explore new energy resources. Energy sources like fossils, fuels, and electricity have become a lifeline for humans.

If you start conserving electricity and gasoline in your daily life, you can improve your Environment. The same mentality of saving energy can reduce the world’s energy demands and slow the pace of environmental pollution.

2. Usage of Eco-friendly Transportation

The primary cause of air pollution n is transportation, vehicles, and gasoline burning. If you start using eco-friendly transport, you can change it for the better.

In the last decade, a fantastic invention called electric vehicles was introduced. Most of the largest corporations and vehicle manufacturers have already started commercializing these vehicles.

No fuel is burnt in these vehicles, and they use electric charge stored in the car batteries. This is clean energy which can lead to a clean environment. Finally, it can stop gasoline-run engines, the leading cause of air pollution.

3. Better Power Sources

One of the best inventions of the past centuries is electricity. However, to meet the enormous demands, people started using gas, diesel, and coal-powered plants. Such sources of electricity may keep your factories running but are causing numerous diseases and environmental issues.

The solution to such problems is to adopt solar, wind, and hydroelectricity. All these three sources do not emit any harmful radiation or gases into the Environment, and there is no oil spillage and chemicals involved.

These clean energy sources may be the key to a green and healthy environment.

4. Say No to Plastic Products.

Plastic is the cancer of the Environment. Wherever you see a land pollution dump, you will mostly observe plastic products. A few countries of the world have already banned such products. However, numerous other countries are neglecting this vital duty.

Pollution due to plastic waste is terrible for humans, animals, and plants. Moreover, there are islands of plastic garbage in the oceans, killing millions of fish each day.

5. Plant Trees

Planting trees means more oxygen production. Trees are nature’s oxygen generators. Not only that, but they also contribute towards air cleaning by consuming most of the harmful gases.

Planting a tree does not take much time, effort, and money. It is also a healthy activity that keeps your blood flowing. Most importantly, it will be a gift for your coming generations.

Conclusion: Essay on Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution is the child of human development and progress. The urge for progress made humans careless, thus resulting in a natural curse called environmental pollution.

Million people die each year because of it. Some fail because of bad air quality, and some because of poor water quality.

Also, the effects and consequences of environmental pollution are not limited to humans; it also poses a more significant threat to plants and animals – without while humans can not survive.

Humans have left no stone unturned in exploiting nature and natural resources as the alpha creatures of this planet.

You can adapt the Environment saving solutions like tree-plantations, shifting towards better energy resources, and others.

We have presented numerous solutions to each type of environmental pollution before you. Humans brought this problem into being, and it is up to humans to stop or at least reduce the Environment killing activities.

Introduction to Pollution

Liquid and solid Wastes, harmful gases, loud sounds, and unnecessary lights, when they make their way into the environment, cause Pollution. It is caused by two different means.

  • Natural means
  • Unnatural/artificial means

Natural means of Pollution are mostly volcanic activities and forest fires. When volcanos erupt, they throw gases like hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide into the atmosphere.

Similarly, millions of trees burn in a single sweep when wildfires happen, causing a flood of gasses and contaminants into the surroundings.

You can not simplify pollution-causing Pollution in a single speech, paragraph, or page. It has become so manifold that it has become an entirely different branch of study.

However, in this article, we will emphasize different types of Pollution, and at the same time, we will explain them separately with their cause, effects, and solutions.

What are the Different Types of Pollution?

You might have read about three types of Pollution in your school during your early education. Basically, there are land, air, and water pollution. Additionally, there are also other types like light and noise pollution.

However, due to certain similarities and minor nature, we will be classifying light and noise pollution as one.

Below are the different types of pollution.

1. Air Pollution

Many sources of human activities cause air Pollution. Most of it is because of industries, transportation, and other fuel-burning activities.

When pollutants of various kinds are converted into gaseous form, they travel and spread into the environment due to their lighter mass. The most common contaminants in the air are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen dioxide. Similarly, there are thousands of other air contaminating substances and particulates.

Humans need a constant supply of oxygen to keep living, and in every few seconds, air goes in and comes out of their bodies. Air pollution is scary because you do not have a lot of safety options with it. After all, no matter what, you have to breathe.

Another factor that makes air pollution the worst is that it spreads rapidly with the wind flow. You may develop a severe respiratory disease because of contaminated air from a faraway factory.

Similarly, the Ozone layer that protects the earth from harmful radiations from the sun; is gradually getting thinner and thinner. It is happening because of gases like Bromine and Chlorine emitting from various industries across the globe. Also, people are at risk of UV radiation from the sun due to air pollution.

According to a report from WHA, over 8 million die each year because of worsening air quality in the world.

2. Land/Soil Pollution

All forms of Pollution affecting the land are known as land pollution. It can be chemical compounds, solid wastes, and other soil-harming elements.

Soil is not a renewable source, and it takes thousands of years to recover. Land pollution is a heavy topic, and its impact on the environment and living beings is direct.

It poses a severe threat to the environment, animals, plants, and human lives. Deforestation, urbanization, mining, industrial wastes, and poor waste disposal systems are significant causes of soil pollution.

3. Water Pollution

Water pollution contaminates water bodies like streams, rivers, reservoirs, dams, and seas. The leakage of sewage lines, non-biodegradable materials, and industrial wastes are significant causes of water pollution.

The chemicals and dangerous foreign substances like sewage, pesticides, fertilizers, lead, heavy metal, and scraps are major water polluting elements.

4. Noise and Light Pollution

Noise pollution can be from prolonged vehicles horns, loud music, and non-stop machine sounds. Usually, this type of Pollution affects urban or developed areas. It is one of the most significant causes of stress.

Excessive and disturbing lights cause Light Pollution. It is also common in cities and densely populated areas. It can cause headaches and stress.

Effects of Different Types of Pollution

The effects and damages of each type of Pollution are different. Let’s see below and find out several effects of every type of pollution.

Here are the effects of different types of pollution

1. Effects of Air Pollution

Compared to other types of Pollution, Air pollution has phenomenal effects on the environment and living things. The world is getting crowded with more humans, machines, and factories – continuously pumping more and more contaminations into the air.

Do you know about Noncommunicable diseases? They are heart-related diseases, and most people die due to them. Air pollution is one of the primary causes of deaths from NCDs. These diseases include stroke, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease.

2. Effects of Land Pollution

Household garbage and industrial waste are the leading players in spreading land pollution. In 2014, USA citizens produced 258million tons of solid waste and litter.

You can be at risk of leukemia and other related conditions if you contact contaminated soil with gasoline and benzine. Land pollution can also cause nervous breakdown and depression, especially in children.

Land pollution also threatens drinking water, a fundamental need to live. Animals are forced to change their habitats, and such a disturbance can wipe out entire species.

Polluted areas often tend to go dry, which becomes a cause of wildfires – which can cause more damage to the environment.

3. Effects of Water Pollution

The primary effect of water pollution is the contamination of drinking water. It becomes vital in areas where the drinking water supply depends on ponds and other reservoirs.

Similarly, due to agricultural activities industrial and chemical leakages, the harmful liquids can seep into the earth’s surface, polluting the groundwater. It is primarily common in areas where freshwater orifices are not very deep.

Other effects of water pollution are mainly a threat for animals when their water hole gets contaminants.

Finally, marine life and water dwellers are directly affected by water pollution. Firstly the polluted water is a poison to them. Secondly, few chemicals reduce the amount of oxygen in the water, killing fish instantly.

An increase in water-borne diseases, metal particles in food, and loss of entire crops are also associated with water pollution.

In the end, it is one of the significant environmental problems which is faced by all living beings on earth.

4. Effects of Noise and Light Pollution

Among living beings, only humans can express themselves. We cannot say that noise pollution does not affect animals, but millions of people are involved daily. Hearing loss, high blood pressure, elevated stress levels, and heart diseases are common problems.

Similarly, light Pollution can affect humans and plants due to excessive and unnecessary lights. People can have stress, high blood pressure, and headaches.

Furthermore, few sensitive plants can lack growth and other problems when exposed to Light Pollution.

How to Prevent Different Types of Pollution?

The saying goes, “prevention is a cure,” so it is always wiser to plan and skip through problems. It must be adopted for Pollution since it is a severe threat to all living things on the planet. We have shared some thoughts on tackling each type of Pollution appropriately.

Let’s see how one can prevent different types of pollution.

1. How to Prevent Air Pollution?

Air pollution is one of the most discussed topics of the last decade. The discussions yielded various solutions to prevent it. Among significant answers, the first one is environmentally friendly transportation.

The clear answer is in the form of electric vehicles. Similarly, the electricity must be generated through hydro, wind, and solar sources. The coal, gas, and nuclear power plants must be minimized or stopped.

Whether at home, work, or outside, you must consistently conserve energy. You can do this by turning off unnecessary lights, using fans in place of air conditioners and using public transport. When you save energy, fewer powerplants will run, and minimum pollutants will flow in the air.

More preventions are to ban the usage of crackers and use of filters in your chimneys.

2. How to Prevent Land Pollution?

Land pollution turns beautiful sites into ugly places. The ultimate prevention method for land pollution is to use recyclable and bio-degradable materials. Similarly, boycotting non-degradable materials like plastic can significantly improve the environment.

Furthermore, adopting innovative and environment-friendly agriculture solutions like green agriculture is another answer to this alarming situation of soil pollution.

Also, improving the disposal systems of densely populated areas and imposing heavy penalties is another solution.

3. How to Prevent Water Pollution?

Without a clean and fresh supply of water, life is not possible. Water pollution can be minimized by following some well-known prevention methods.

It might be considered a minor effect, but microplastics are alarming. You cannot see them with the naked eye, but they are present in your drinking water if your water is contaminated. We have said before that plastic is the cancer of the environment and additionally it can cause you cancer too.

Try to minimize plastic usage and, if possible, use it for a more extended period, so the production is slower. Furthermore, handling chemicals and medicine disposal carefully is another way of preventing land pollution.

Finally, the more minor things make the most difference. Never throw even a tiny wrapper of candy on the ground – instead, use a garbage can.

4. How to Prevent Noise and Light Pollution?

Stress, high blood pressure, and a few heart conditions are caused by noise pollution. They can be avoided by using low sound vehicles, keeping the music sound down, and turning off unnecessary lights.

Conclusion: Types of Pollution

All types of Pollution are the result of human negligence towards their environment. We have achieved marvels in science technology, and more innovation is on the door.

Nonetheless, human nature’s tragedy is that we often ignore and bypass the most important things – the environment being the most essential.

Pollution has evolved into various types that we have discussed in this article. More humans are becoming their prey every day, and the health rate is declining.

Pollution is the forerunner of perdition – John Trapp

Effects of Pollution are in every sector and area of life. It can be a human, plant, or animal life. It targets the essential needs of living things: air, water, and land. Consequently, everybody gets affected by it directly or indirectly.

What do you think is the solution to this ongoing problem? Being a part of this world, each individual has to prevent different types of Pollution. We have presented various solutions to every kind of Pollution in this essay. They are targeting your daily life now; which sort of Pollution will you target?

Introduction to Air Pollution

When chemicals, particles, or other harmful elements pollute the air quality, the phenomenon is known as air pollution. It can have adverse effects on the health of humans, animals, and plants.

Also, the damage is not limited to living beings – it also affects human-made structures, like buildings. According to World Health Organization’s recent reports, over seven million people die each year because of air pollution. Another similar report tells that nine out of ten human beings on the planet are breathing polluted air.

This essay on air pollution will focus on the causes, effects, and solutions of air pollution. You may also use some key points for your coming speech, debate, or other activity. It will also make you aware of your responsibilities as a decent and nature-loving human being.

What is Air Pollution?

Air pollution is caused by harmful chemicals and particles mixed in the air, which pollute the air, and the occurrence is known as air pollution. These toxic substances in the air pose severe environmental and health threats.

Some air pollution comes from natural sources like volcanic eruptions and wildfires. However, most air pollution is the result of human activities. There are various types of air pollution.

Moreover, every kind of air pollution relates directly or indirectly to human assistance. The most common emissions contributing to air pollution are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide.

Also, these greenhouse gases contribute to global warming and other factors leading towards the worst air quality.

Causes of Air Pollution

It is not possible to witness air pollution with naked eyes. However, it becomes visible in the high density of smoke and smog. Since we cannot see this type of pollution with open eyes, it is essential to know about the sources that are the causes of air pollution.

1. The Fossil fuel burning

The essential needs of today’s world are electricity and transportation. Humans have depended on fossils fuels for o long time to meet these needs. This burning of coal, gasoline, and natural to drive the industry and transportation is one of the primary causes of air pollution.

Carbon monoxide is in higher concentrations when more fossil fuels are burnt. This process also emits toxic pollutants, which causes the air quality to go down rapidly.

Similarly, breathing such air leads to various heart diseases and respiratory problems.

2. Indoor causes of air pollution

You must have witnessed the usage of volatile organic compounds and other toxic compounds in your home or your surroundings. Such products and chemicals are part of people’s lives and are used daily.

Whether you are in the comfort of your home or office, such items of daily usage contribute to air pollution in one way or another. Also, smoking indoors and using gas-powered heaters can cause suffocation and indoor air pollution.

Similarly, these indoor pollution factors can lead to numerous diseases and respiratory problems.

3. Wildfires

Climate changes due to air pollution are increasing wildfires spiking air pollution. This burning of trees and other forest residue causes an increase of particl3s in the air.

Similarly, this increases the density of smoke particles and leads to more significant threats like smog. It would help if you had an idea about the smog, which makes the air hazy, and people find breathing difficult.

4. Vehicles and transport

You cannot deny that transportation is the primary cause of air pollution. Hundreds of millions of engines continuously run every day, producing air-polluting gases. Most polluted air is often observed in urban areas with more vehicles.

Your vehicle is responsible for increasing carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxide, and other particulates in the environment. Drastic health issues are becoming a routine because of the holes in the ozone layer.

Similarly, those holes in the ozone layer are caused due to unfriendly elements emitted from your vehicle. Did you know that if you breathe the gasoline engine gases, it is equivalent to smoking ten cigarettes?

5. Industrial Emissions

The industrial revolution introduced the concept of mass production to humans. It made their lives easier and products cheaper. However, it also brought a curse on nature in air pollution.

Industrial emissions are one of the primary causes of air pollution around the globe. Most industries of the world rely on fossil fuels as the primary power source. Ultimately, an excess of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide is released into the atmosphere.

During the second industrial revolution, a few industrial towns were wiped out due to bad air quality.

6. Burning of Garbage

Recycling garbage through proper means is a better way to move forward. However, when an excess of waste is burnt in the open air, it is only causing more problems rather than solutions.

Furthermore, it can cause serious health issues, including liver issues, cancer, and damaging immune systems.

7. Agriculture

Pesticides and fertilizers are used to increase the productivity of crops. However, the same agents are one of the air pollution causes worldwide.

Using the wrong method of agriculture can even lead to a large number of deaths. Ultimately, the life-giving resource can be a life-taking thing, if not used properly.

8. Chemicals and Other Synthetic Products

You cannot overlook indoor air pollution and only consider outdoor pollution. Household chemical products cause more health issues and problems than outdoor air pollution.

Furthermore, when you inhale poor indoor air quality, it can cause respiratory diseases like Asthama’and other lungs problems.

Effects of Air Pollution

Air pollution affects all living things, directly or indirectly. It is the primary cause of various respiratory and skin diseases. More than ninety percent of the world’s population is affected by it.

From greenhouse gases to climate changes, it has a more profound impact on the environment than you think. A few significant effects of air pollution are discussed in upcoming paragraphs.

1. Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

In 1952 more than 4000 people died due to dense smog. Similarly, according to a report published by WHO, more than seven million die each year due to air pollution.

Children and the elderly already suffering from various diseases are affected most by air pollution. It would be best if you did not take it lightly because most of the world’s urban population is at a higher risk due to air pollution. Also, it is gradually increasing with each passing day.

You may check the air quality and its attributes in your area to avoid any unnecessary outdoor activities or visits.

Furthermore, it can cause Coughing, headache, fatigue, cancer, congenital disabilities, nervous system damage, and even death.

2. Effects on Plants and Animals

Just like humans are affected by air pollution, plants and animal are also at significant risk in one way or another. Their respiratory system is often damaged among animals, and skin irritations can also happen.

There is a structure in plants called stomata which are damaged due to ozone pollution. Some plants can protect themselves against this threat, but others cannot. In the end, it can cause a massive loss in crops or other natural resources.

3. Air Pollution Causes Acid Rain.

When harmful gases are released into the atmosphere, they mix themselves in the rain system. Similarly, the winds can take thousands of miles away.

Finally, when it rains, the rainwater has higher acidity, which can cause skin disease to humans and animals. Aside from damaging vegetation and crops, it can also damage buildings and other structures.

Acid rain is known to spawn more than five billion dollars of damage each year.

4. Sunlight Reduction

Plants and animals depend on sunlight to grow. Similarly, humans rely on animals and plants. The pollutants in the air cause the sunlight to go dim, and a more small amount of the sun reaches the earth’s surface.

The plants grow little, and animals cannot live up to their full potential.

5. Excess of Nitrogen

Air pollution caused by agricultural pesticides, chemicals, and car emissions can cause an increase in nitrogen levels in the soil. Plants need nitrogen to grow, but its access can halt the growth of a few plants while increasing the development of others.

It disrupts the natural ecological balance and can lead to the worst situations.

Solution of Air Pollution

Where there is a problem, there is a solution. You have read about many effects and causes of air pollution, and now you will read some of the answers to air pollution.

These solutions are pretty straightforward and straightforward, and if you adopt them and spread them, they can save millions of lives each year and healthily affect nature. You kids will breathe in cleaner and safe air.

1. Use Public Transports

Since most of the world’s air pollution is caused due to vehicles and transportation, you can save your money, resources, and environment by using public transport.

If more people travel through public transport, fewer vehicles will come out, and less gasoline will burn. Finally, it will have a significant and fruitful impact on the air quality and environment.

2. Save Electricity

Electricity is a cleaner energy source if it is hydro, wind, or solar-generated. But unfortunately, to meet the rising demands of voltage around the globe, many countries use gas turbines, coal-powered turbines, and nuclear facilities to generate enough electricity.

Suppose you will switch off unnecessary lights and use them with care. In that case, you will not only contribute towards saving an essential resource, but you will also be contributing towards cleaner air and the environment.

3. Reduce Smoking

If you are a smoker, it will be an astonishing fact that trillions of cigarettes are smoked each week around the globe. Smoking less might reduce many harmful and cancer-causing elements from the air.

When a smoker is exhaling smoke, he is causing other nearby people to inhale the smoke. This process of smoking is often referred to as passive smoking.

By quitting smoking, you will save yourself from various diseases and others as well.

4. Preferring Fans Over Air Conditioning

Air conditioning uses a lot of electricity and adds heat to the environment. If you adopt this solution of air pollution, you will save money and keep the environment healthy.

Also, it prevents numerous diseases caused by sudden changes in body temperature when exiting or entering an air-conditioned room or building.

Conclusion: Essay on Air Pollution

You have read the effects, causes and some solutions to air pollution. At this point, you must have an idea and deep understanding of this critical issue surrounding human beings. As a surface dweller, a person’s primary duty is to keep these solutions in mind and implement them in daily life.

Most disasters and calamities that befell humans were always the consequences of their deeds and actions. Similarly, air quality today has declined and will continue falling if this carefree attitude continues.

Using public transport, avoiding extra chemical usage, saving electricity, using filters, and eliminating the usage of crackers can contribute to fresh and healthy air.

Why do you leave money and other resources for your future generations? The answer is simple – for their better future and ease of life. Similarly, why not leave them a cleaner air and environment.

Make Sure to Check Essay on Water Pollution